The typical “tin spout” canteens that folks imagine when they think of Cincinnati canteens were primarily from huge 1864 contracts. Those provided to Western troops via the Cincinnati Depot throughout 1862 and much of 1863 were quite different, however. Choose from one of the several types of canteens that would have been most predominantly seen on members of the 10th Wisconsin in September 1863:
-Cincinnati Canteen #1 – Throughout much of 1862 and into the first months of 1863, the most common canteen issued to Western troops was simply a “New York” canteen, made by the same companies that made them for the New York Depot under contract by the Cincinnati Depot. These feature a custom made stopper with domed tin cap and brass nut.
-Cincinnati Canteen #2 – Offered for the first time just to participants of Rosecrans’ Pursuit, this canteen is a copy of the unique tapered pewter spout canteen produced in significant numbers by Winchell, Marsh & Co. in 1862 that predated their well-known “tin spout” canteens. These feature a custom made stopper with full tin cap and square nut.
-Cincinnati Canteen #3 – The first of the rolled tin spout canteens that became ubiquitous with Cincinnati and Western troops were contracted for in April 1863. The majority of these first canteens were not produced in Cincinnati, however, but instead by New York and Philadelphia contractors. The 1863 tin spout canteens produced by Philadelphia’s Evans & Hassall featured webbing slings and cobbled together stoppers using their usual hardware in an attempt to match Cincinnati Depot specifications, to include a spanner nut as a washer under a square nut.